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Adult attachment working models and relationship quality in dating couples

Implications for understanding the associations between attachment style and relationship outcomes are discussed.The aim of this study was to examine whether reports of parental care-giving and attachment representations were associated with the self- and other-evaluative core beliefs that are implicated in cognitive models of psychopathology.The theory of attachment was originally developed by John Bowlby (1907 - 1990), a British psychoanalyst who was attempting to understand the intense distress experienced by infants who had been separated from their parents.Bowlby observed that separated infants would go to extraordinary lengths (e.g., crying, clinging, frantically searching) to prevent separation from their parents or to reestablish proximity to a missing parent.This study examined the nonverbal correlates of attachment style during interaction with a dating partner.Sixty-one heterosexual couples completed a self-report measure of attachment style and then were videotaped while discussing positive aspects of their relationships.At the time of Bowlby's initial writings, psychoanalytic writers held that these expressions were manifestations of immature defense mechanisms that were operating to repress emotional pain, but Bowlby noted that such expressions are common to a wide variety of mammalian species, and speculated that these behaviors may serve an evolutionary function.

The results show the fact that the types of adult attachment influenced self-esteem level and the emotional intelligence development.According to Bowlby, the attachment system essentially "asks" the following fundamental question: Is the attachment figure nearby, accessible, and attentive?If the child perceives the answer to this question to be "yes," he or she feels loved, secure, and confident, and, behaviorally, is likely to explore his or her environment, play with others, and be sociable.If, however, the child perceives the answer to this question to be "no," the child experiences anxiety and, behaviorally, is likely to exhibit attachment behaviors ranging from simple visual searching on the low extreme to active following and vocal signaling on the other (see Figure 1).These behaviors continue until either the child is able to reestablish a desirable level of physical or psychological proximity to the attachment figure, or until the child "wears down," as may happen in the context of a prolonged separation or loss.In such cases, Bowlby believed that young children experienced profound despair and depression.Although Bowlby believed that the basic dynamics described above captured the normative dynamics of the attachment behavioral system, he recognized that there are individual differences in the way children appraise the accessibility of the attachment figure and how they regulate their attachment behavior in response to threats.The present study aimed to investigate the association between communication skills and relationship satisfaction, after having controlled for some other important associates of relationship satisfaction, such as attachment styles and various problem-solving skills including sense of control, confidence, and attitudes of approach-avoidance.One-hundred-forty-two university students who were either currently involved in a romantic relationship, or who had a romantic relationship in the past participated in this study.Because human infants, like other mammalian infants, cannot feed or protect themselves, they are dependent upon the care and protection of "older and wiser" adults.Bowlby argued that, over the course of evolutionary history, infants who were able to maintain proximity to an attachment figure via attachment behaviors would be more likely to survive to a reproductive age.


  1. Jul 5, 2014. Little research has examined how attachment styles in childhood are related to current romantic relationship experiences. The aim of this study was to explore the association between percep- tions of childhood experiences with parents, attachment styles in romantic relationships, and re- lationship.

  2. Collins, N. J. 8c Read, S. J. 1990. Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples. Tournal of Personality and Social Psychology. 584, 644-663. Dutton, D. G. Saunders, K. Starzomski, A. 8c Bartholomew, K. 1994. Intimacy-anger and insecure attachment as precursors of abuse in intimate.

  3. We present theoretical issues related to adult attachment, in particular, individual differences, working models, and the role of attachment. Key words attachment, adult attachment, marriage, working models. In a study of dating couples, Collins and Read 1990 found women who reported positive relationships with fa-.

  4. Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples. NL Collins, SJ Read. Journal of personality and social psychology 58 4, 644, 1990. 4172, 1990. Self-disclosure and liking a meta-analytic review. NL Collins, LC Miller. Psychological bulletin 116 3, 457, 1994. 1206, 1994. Working models of.

  5. Jul 27, 2007. Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples. Journal oj Personality and Social Psychology. 58, 4, 644-663. Collins, N. L. Feeney, B. C. 2000. A safe haven An attachment theory perspective on support seeking care giving in intimate relationships. interpersonal Relations.

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