A favourite subject of theirs was Indian mathematics..." etc.where he gave a full account of the Hindu numerals which was the first to expound the system with its digits 0,1,2,3,....,9 and decimal place value which was a fairly recent arrival from India.The earliest history is preserved in the 5000-year-old ruins of a city at Mohenjo Daro, located Northeast of present-day Karachi in Pakistan.Evidence of wide streets, brick dwellings an apartment houses with tiled bathrooms, covered city drains, and community swimming pools indicates a civilisation as advanced as that found anywhere else in the ancient Orient.Thus we can see why poetry has played such a preponderant role in all of Indian culture and Sanskrit literature. In 2001 he won the prestigious Berwick Prize of the London Mathematical Society, which is awarded every two years to reward the best mathematical research by a mathematician under forty. Indians used it long before the West did," said Du Sautoy."When the West had Roman numerals there was no zero and that is why they were so clumsy.Knowledge of the Hindu system spread through the Arab world, reaching the Arabs of the West in Spain before the end of the tenth century.The earliest European manuscript, which came from the Hindu numerals were modified in north-Spain from the year 976.
He has been a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study and is a Professor of Computer revealed how calculus, an Indian invention, was picked up by the Jesuit priests from Kerala in the second half of the 16th century and taken to Europe. Overtime, people forgot this link and the Europeans began to claim calculus as their own invention.We also know that several different ways of writing numbers evolved in India before it became possible for existing decimal numerals to be marred with the place-value principle of the Babylonians to give birth to the system which eventually became the one which we use today.Because of lack of authentic records, very little is known of the development of ancient Hindu mathematics.The early passion which Indian civilization had for high numbers was a significant factor contributing to the discovery of the place-value system, and not only offered the Indians the incentive to go beyond the "calculable" physical world, but also led to an understanding (much earlier than in our civilization) of the notion of mathematical infinity itself.Sanskrit notation had an excellent conceptual quality.It took them about 300 years to fully comprehend its working. Jesuit records show that they sought out these texts as inputs to the Gregorian calendar reform.This reform was needed to solve the latitude problem of European navigation.And finally an important point for those who maintain that the concept of zero was also evident in some other civilisations: "Did you know that Vedic priests were using the so-called Pythagorean theorem to construct their fire altars in 800 BCE?; that the differential equation for the sine function, infinite difference form, was described by Indian mathematician-astronomers in the fifth century CE?like much new mathematics were not welcomed by all.In 1299 there was a law in the commercial center of Florence forbidding their use; to this day this law is respected when we write the amount on a check in longhand ., undergoing a number of changes on the way.