He changed the band's name to Queens of the Stone Age when a German metal band of the same name threatened to sue.For Queens' 1998 self-titled debut album, Homme recruited his old Kyuss band mate, drummer Alfredo Hernández, as well as Kyuss producer and Masters of Reality singer/guitarist Chris Goss and guitarist Dave Catching.Though the albums was rumored to have a series of guest vocalists, only Mark Lanegan and the Strokes' Julian Casablancas made the final cut.Though the core of the band remained Homme, Van Leeuwen and Castillo, keyboardist Dean Fertita and bassist Mike Shuman were brought aboard for the subsequent tour, which culminated with a performance in August with PJ Harvey, Brody Dalle and others at a memorial concert for Russian musician Natasha Shneider, who had toured with the band in 2005.
Occasional Queens member Mark Lanegan contributed vocals to several tracks.
The album shot to Number 5 and the single "Little Sister" went to Number Two on thee Modern Rock Chart.
The group supported the album with a tour the following year, including dates in the fall supporting Nine Inch Nails.
The group made a series of festival appearances that summer before releasing their first album to generally positive reviews and strong sales (Number 12 on the Billboard Top 200) in November of that year. In addition to writing and recording with Mondo Generator, in 2010, he released a stripped-down solo album called , and followed its release with a number of small shows.
In an interview with the site "Ultimate Guitar," he commented briefly on his impression of his former bandmate, stating "it seems like there are a lot of yes men around Josh [these days]." Early 2010 brought rumors of a new Queens record by following summer.